Wednesday, April 30, 2008
What is "The Anointing?"
A computer search on Anoint, Anointed, and Anointing in the KJV brings up the following results..
Anointing Is used 25 times in the OT and 3 times in the NT.
Anoint Is used 30 times in the OT and 5 times in the NT.
Anointed Is used 86 times in the OT and 12 times in the NT.
Definition of 'Anoint' in Eastons Bible Dictionary.
The practice of anointing with perfumed oil was common among the Hebrews.
(1.) The act of anointing was significant of consecration to a holy or sacred use; hence the anointing of the high priest (Exo_29:29; Lev_4:3) and of the sacred vessels (Exo_30:26). The high priest and the king are thus called “the anointed” (Lev_4:3, Lev_4:5, Lev_4:16; Lev_6:20; Psa_132:10). Anointing a king was equivalent to crowning him (1Sa_16:13; 2Sa_2:4, etc.). Prophets were also anointed (1Ki_19:16; 1Ch_16:22; Psa_105:15). The expression, “anoint the shield” (Isa_21:5), refers to the custom of rubbing oil on the leather of the shield so as to make it supple and fit for use in war.
(2.) Anointing was also an act of hospitality (Luk_7:38, Luk_7:46). It was the custom of the Jews in like manner to anoint themselves with oil, as a means of refreshing or invigorating their bodies (Deu_28:40; Rth_3:3; 2Sa_14:2; Psa_104:15, etc.). This custom is continued among the Arabians to the present day.
(3.) Oil was used also for medicinal purposes. It was applied to the sick, and also to wounds (Isa_1:6; Mar_6:13; Jam_5:14).
(4.) The bodies of the dead were sometimes anointed (Mar_14:8; Luk_23:56).
(5.) The promised Delivered is twice called the “Anointed” or Messiah (Psa_2:2; Dan_9:25, Dan_9:26), because he was anointed with the Holy Ghost (Isa_61:1), figuratively styled the “oil of gladness” (Psa_45:7; Heb_1:9). Jesus of Nazareth is this anointed One (Joh_1:41; Act_9:22; Act_17:2, Act_17:3; Act_18:5, Act_18:28), the Messiah of the Old Testament.
Nave's Topical Bible lists the following references to 'The Anointing'
Of the body
Deu_28:40; Rth_3:3; Est_2:12; Psa_92:10; Psa_104:15; Psa_141:5; Pro_27:9; Pro_27:16; Ecc_9:8; Son_1:3; Son_4:10; Isa_57:9; Amo_6:6; Mic_6:15
Isa_1:6; Mar_6:13; Luk_10:34; Jam_5:14; Rev_3:18
Mat_26:12; Mar_14:8; Mar_16:1; Luk_23:56
Of Jesus, as a token of love
Luk_7:37-38; Luk_7:46; Joh_11:2; Joh_12:3
Omitted in mourning
2Sa_12:20; 2Sa_14:2; Isa_61:3; Dan_10:3
God preserves those who receive
Psa_18:50; Psa_20:6; Psa_89:20-23
Of high priests
Exo_29:7; Exo_29:29; Exo_40:13; Lev_6:20; Lev_8:12; Lev_16:32; Num_35:25; Psa_133:2
Exo_28:41; Exo_30:30; Exo_40:15; Lev_4:3; Lev_8:30; Num_3:3
1Sa_9:16; 1Sa_10:1; 1Sa_15:1
1Sa_16:3; 1Sa_16:12-13; 2Sa_2:4; 2Sa_5:3; 2Sa_12:7; 2Sa_19:21; 1Ch_11:3
1Ki_19:16; 2Ki_9:1-3; 2Ki_9:6; 2Ki_9:12
Of the tabernacle
Exo_30:26; Exo_40:9; Lev_8:10; Num_7:1
Exo_30:26-28; Exo_40:10; Lev_8:11; Num_7:1
Exo_30:27-28; Exo_40:9-10; Lev_8:10-11; Num_7:1
Jacob's pillar, at Bethel
Gen_28:18; Gen_31:13; Gen_35:14
Of Christ's kingly and priestly office
Psa_45:7; Psa_89:20; Isa_61:1; Dan_9:24; Luk_4:18; Act_4:27; Act_10:38; Heb_1:9
Of spiritual gifts
2Co_1:21; 1Jo_2:20; 1Jo_2:27
Exo_40:13-15; Lev_8:12; 1Sa_16:13; 1Ki_19:16
Symbolic, of Jesus
If you have looked up the above references, noting the usage of the word Anointing, I am sure you have noticed a few vital specifics.....
1) Anointing is not the "power of God," but the act of being consecrated or set aside. (anointing is constantly mis-defined as the "power of God.")
2) in the Old Testament the anointed ones were the Priests, Prophets and Kings. In the Hebrew Bible, the High Priest and the king are each sometimes called "the anointed" (Leviticus 4:3, 5, 16; 6:20; Psalms 132:10). Prophets were also anointed (1 Kings 19:16; 1 Chronicles 16:22; Psalms 105:15). Anointing a king was equivalent to crowning him, in fact in Israel a crown was not required (1 Samuel 16:13; 2 Samuel 2:4, etc.). Thus David was anointed as king by the prophet Samuel:
3) In the New Testament ALL believers are said to be anointed.. Let me repeat that.. It is NOT a few special persons who are anointed but ALL believers have a general anointing. John makes it clear that this gives us a relationship with our blessed Lord, but it never makes one better, greater or more powerful than another. As in the following three verses
2Co 1:21 Now He who establishes us together with you in Christ and who has anointed us is God,
1Jo 2:20 But you have an anointing from the Holy One, and you know all things.
1Jo 2:27 And as for you, the anointing which you have received from Him abides in you, and you have no need that anyone teach you; but as the same anointing teaches you concerning all things, and is true, and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you will abide in Him. [All Emphasis Added]
Did You Also Happen to Notice
1) There is not ONE SINGLE reference to the anointing being a supernatural power given to human by which they are able to perform miracles.
2) There is not ONE SINGLE reference to a double or triple portion of the anointing. [See Footnote I on Elisha]
3) There is not ONE SINGLE reference to anyone being able to transmit the anointing by any means, including the laying on of hands. [See Footnote II]
4) There is not ONE SINGLE reference to getting, keeping, increasing, or losing the anointing.